Energy and Inspections
According to Law No. 14/2015 of 16 February, EIIEL (Inspection Entities for Electrical Installations) recognized by DGEG may exercise their activity in any part of the continent, except the autonomous regions of Azores and Madeira.
You can consult this information on CERTIEL’s online site or contact our services.
All areas of LIQ’s installations that are not for public access are clearly identified as “Conditional Access“.
Access by unauthorized persons to the reserved areas can only be made with the prior knowledge and consent of the director of the area concerned.
The directors are informed, in advance, of visits to the reserved areas, and can further limit access to certain areas where tests and calibrations are being run.
During the visit of strangers to the laboratory, conditions are created so as not to violate the rules of security and confidentiality, usually by hiding any marks of identification (brand, model, customer reference etc.) of products / equipment / projects in testing / calibration /inspection.
Sports Equipment Inspection
Decree-Law No. 100/2003 of 23 May regulates the technical and safety conditions to be observed in the design, installation and maintenance of football, handball, hockey and water polo goals, and existing basketball equipment in sports facilities for public use.
The applicable normative documents are:
- NP EN 748 – Equipment for field games – Football goals – Functional and safety requirements and test methods.
- NP EN 749 – Equipment for field games – Handball goals – Functional and safety requirements and test methods.
- NP EN 750 – Equipment for field games – Hockey goals – Functional and safety requirements and test methods.
- NP EN 1270 – Equipment for field games – Basketball equipment – Functional and safety requirements and test methods.
- NP EN 13451-7 – Equipment for swimming pools. Part 7 – Safety requirements and specific additional test methods for water polo goals.
These standards establish the technical requirements to be met by sports equipment, and the tests to be performed to such equipment, with particular verification of its resistance to overturning, to slippage and rupture.
The legislation designates as the entity responsible “any person who holds a board member or management position, the private company or organization, as well as the heads of departments or agencies of central, regional or local government, who directly or indirectly, ensure the regular functioning of the area where this equipment is installed.”
Neither the DL 100/2003, nor the Ordinance 369/2004, specify the frequency of inspections. Although a common reading of article 4 of this Ordinance seems to indicate that inspections should be annual, the article is not conclusive.
In the absence of any recommendation by the competent bodies, the entities responsible should always verify usage and the general state of the equipment and promote maintenance whenever necessary. When in doubt of any technical and safety issue, the entity responsible should contact an inspection body to carry out new tests.
In addition to compliance with the applicable safety requirements, sports equipment should not present sharp edges, burrs or rough surfaces, splinters, nails, screws or other sharp or pointed material, protruding ground fixings or barely visible fixing cables, which can cause injury or are likely to cause accidents.
The maintenance book is a mandatory document. It must contain the complete and detailed list of equipment and its suppliers. Repairs, major maintenance actions performed, registered complaints and accidents should all be recorded in the maintenance book.
The entity responsible for sports equipment must have liability insurance for damages caused to users due to poor conditions of installation and maintenance.
The entity responsible for the equipment must ensure regular and periodic maintenance so that safety conditions are permanently observed.
If the equipment presents damage or deterioration that will jeopardize the safety of users, the entity responsible must endeavour to immediately repair and, if this is not possible, remove the equipment.
If the goal is to have reliability in the obtained measurements, yes. In this case, we calibrate the equipment, so as to have a degree of confidence in the values indicated.
The frequency of the calibration of equipment depends on several factors:
- If the equipment is or is not likely to change its characteristics over time;
- If it is a device whose behaviour is not known, the calibration period should be shorter;
- If the equipment has historically, in previous calibrations, not presented good reproducibility;
- If it is subject to any standard or procedure which specifically indicates the frequency of calibration.
Controlling measurements with confidence can lead to increased productivity, reduced waste and reduction of non-compliant products, increased product quality, greater customer satisfaction and, consequently, an increase in profits.
The following needs to be evaluated:
- What impact this may have had in the process;
- What led to the degradation of equipment? – misuse, frequency of use, inherent susceptibility to degradation etc .;
- Is the set tolerance the most appropriate for that type of equipment? – often very tight tolerances are defined for the specifications of the equipment;
- Can a correction factor be applied?;
- Does the equipment need to be changed?